The reality is that they seem to be rather healthy and happy little cats, with no specific health issues associated with their appearance and none of the spinal problems that some similarly-shaped dog breeds tend to have. Thirty years later in the U.S., Sandra Hochenedel discovered a short-legged cat in Louisiana that she named Blackberry. The munchkin gene is autosomal dominant. The offspring of munchkin/domestic cat matings have an equal chance of being munchkins or not. Charlie followed his passion for cats and started his long lasting carreer in the pet industry running one of the largest, most successful munchkin specialty catterry know today as Standardmunchkinkitten.com. , Munchkin cats are known to be at a higher risk (than other feline breeds) for severe osteoarthritis because the shorter limbs affect their activity levels and behavior.
Punnett squares, in which the M represents the dominant munchkin gene and the m represents the recessive normal gene, may be used to illustrate the chances of a particular mating resulting in a short-legged cat. It also comes in a long-haired variety, which is shown in a separate Munchkin Longhair category. A newer cat breed established in the mid-1990s, the Munchkin cat has since followed the yellow brick road into cat lovers’ hearts around the world.  There is controversy among breeders of pedigree cats as to what genetic mutations are abnormal and potentially disadvantageous to the cat. You can expect a normal lifespan if you get the recommended immunizations and preventative care from your veterinarian.  Katie Lisnik, director of cat protection and policy at the Humane Society of the United States, has said "Breeding animals for exaggerated physical characteristics, particularly when it compromises overall health, is irresponsible". Regular brushing helps prevent hairballs and matting. Commentdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a44b21311649bf82ff1909239dce623d" );document.getElementById("dd32eae4b6").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Crossed with the Sphinx you get a Minskin, crossed with the LaPerm is a Skookum, crossed with a Selkirk Rex is a Lambkin, crossed with a Bengal is a Genetta, crossed with a Persian is a Minuet, also known as a Napoleon. While they had been around for decades, munchkins were only accepted as a breed by The International Cat Association in 2003. Normal mm kittens will not, as they do not have a copy of the munchkin gene. Kittens bearing two copies of the munchkin gene (MM) will not develop in the womb. , Currently, the only registries that fully recognize the breed are TICA and the Southern Africa Cat Council. The Munchkin has been crossed with the curly-coated LaPerm to create the Skookum, the hairless Sphynx to create the Minskin and Bambino, another curly-coated Selkirk Rex to create the Lambkin, the Persian breed group (which includes Himalayans and Exotic Shorthair) to create the Napoleon, the curled-eared American Curl to create the Kinkalow, the folded-eared Scottish Fold to create the Scottish Kilts, and also with the Bengal to create the Genetta. However, it is lethal when copies are inherited from both parents with those embryos dying in the womb. Siberian Cat. The Munchkin cat gets a clean bill of health. If a cat has that gene, it will have short legs, so average-sized cats categorically do not have the gene to pass down regardless of their parentage. Munchkin Cats Come in 3 Leg Lengths Standard Leg Length. They are usually quite strong and active, and have powerful back legs.  Homozygous embryos for the munchkin gene are not viable, and do not develop in the womb. Because munchkins may be bred to a wide variety of domestic cats, an individual cat's personality will depend on its inheritance. If other cats live in the house, owners should remember to take precautions against unwanted breeding in case they get along a little too well. Particularly, this cat can have two different coat styles, consisting of either medium-short, velvet-soft fur or long, silky fur. Charlie followed his passion for cats and started his long lasting carreer in the pet industry running one of the largest, most successful munchkin specialty catterry know today as Standardmunchkinkitten.com.
Pflueger was also a breeder of Munchkin cats herself, having been initially sent two cats from Hochenedel. Overall Appearance: These are endearing, adorable cats that, while novel, should not suffer from their mutation. They have personalities as variable as any range of domestic cats. "Vets warn trend for sausage cats is cruel", "Genetic Welfare Problems of Companion Animals, Munchkin - Limb Deformity", "Encyclopedia of Cat Breeds: Munchkin Cat", https://www.worldcatcongress.org/wp/cat_breed_comp_mus.php, https://www.thedodo.com/munchkin-cat-breed-2231333420.html, Code of Practice for the Welfare of Cats in the ACT, "Tiny Napa cat stands tall in new Guinness record book", "New cat breed, Munchkin, stands on its stubby legs", "Munchkin: Fur is flying over this rare cat breed", "All You Need to Know About Munchkin Cats", "Hereditary and congenital musculoskeletal diseases", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Munchkin_cat&oldid=986792140#Derived_breeds, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 01:16. A fraction of an inch in the legs can often separate the standard from the nonstandard or the next shorter type, and that judgment thus far remains mostly in the eye of the beholder. Opponents say they should not promote a genetic mutation that could possibly have poor health consequences for the cat. He purchased his first kitten, a short legged kitten from a pet store in FL for $175. TICA Standards describe the Munchkin as "outgoing, intelligent, and responds well to being handled". Similarity to other breeds is grounds for disqualification.  The condition has sometimes been referred to as hypochondroplasia or pseudoachondroplasia. The Munchkin cat might be one of the newest breeds in the United States, having only been discovered in the 1980s, but it’s also one of the cutest. Kim Mckenzy, at the age of 14, started her collection of cats in the USA. These cats come in any color or pattern, and the coat is varied as well. 5 .  Because only heterozygous(short legged) munchkin cats are able to pass on the gene, all litters with at least one standard (short legged) Munchkin parent have the possibility of containing kittens with the phenotypes: short-legged or normal-legged (referred to as non-standard munchkin), with the genotypes of Mm or mm, where M is the trait for short legs and m is the trait for long legs. They are not yet accepted by the Cat Fanciers' Association. When two munchkin cats are crossed and small litter sizes occur, this indicates that embryos that are homozygous for the munchkin gene are non-viable.. While the Munchkin cat arose from an entirely natural genetic mutation, some cat lovers criticize breeders for encouraging its further development.
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