medical eponyms examples

Bell is also eponymized for another neurologic disorder, Bell’s Palsy. However, some things are known almost exclusively by their eponym. Simply changing the name of the genitive does not change or eliminate any of its multiple functions. Appears in young adults, prognosis is excellent. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22181035. 4 Named for Sir James Paget (1814-1899): Paget disease of bone, Paget disease of the breast, Paget Schroetter disease, Extramammary Paget disease (vulva or penis). etc. A compilation of medical eponyms and their definitions found on the website whonamedit.com, currently contains around 7000 names [4] leading one commentator to coin the term eponymophilia [iii].

… Fails to constrict to both accommodation & light. 1994-2013 [cited 2013 8 Oct]. The current trend is away from the use of eponymous disease names and towards a medical name that describes either the cause or primary signs. To the memory of John Homan, MD. What is Whonamedit? The link will open up in a new window. Some examples of eponyms are fallopian tubes (uterine tubes-Gabriello Fallopio) and eustachian tubes (auditory tubes-Bartolommeo Eustachii). Chest 2007; 132: 1723; discussion 1724. http://journal.publications.chestnet.org/article.aspx?articleID=1085613. ix. He provides taxonomies and a natural history Eponyms have been with us ever since Adam’s apple stuck in his throat,1 although Genesis neither specifies the fruit nor describes the supposed dysphagia. Shamroth l. Personal experience. http://rheumatology.oxfordjournals.org.ezproxy.med.nyu.edu/content/45/11/1328, iv. 2 Bismarck is largely credited with unifying Germany. Ask a Doctor Teams: Respond to patient questions and Whether assessing for a Babinski[1] sign, listening to Korotkoff sounds, or diagnosing Wolf-Parkinson-White Syndrome, we are surrounded by names of the medical greats in day-to-day medical practice. Case Records of the Massachusetts General Hospital. Hans Reiter’s crimes as a Nazi physician include approving involuntary sterilization programs and authorizing infection of concentration camp prisoners with rickettsia [xxi]. "[4] These guidelines emerged in response to backlash against people and places, based on the vernacular names of infectious diseases such as Middle East respiratory syndrome, and the 2009 swine flu pandemic. ), Phenomenon: 2? Medical eponyms are terms used in medicine which are named after people (and occasionally places or things). Medical eponyms are terms used in medicine which are named after people (and occasionally places or things).

To provide an engaging, interactive, and educational site for medical terminology. after a bolus of meat or bread.

glycogen storage disease (muscle phosphorylase deficiency), rule of 2's: 2 inches long, 2 feet from the ileocecum, in 2% of acidosis), rheumatoid arthritis, neutropenia, splenomegaly, adenomatous polyps of colon plus osteomas & soft tissue tumors, Lysosomal Storage Disease glucocerebrosidase deficiency, autoimmune: ab's to glomerular & alveolar basement membranes. In addition to his contributions to medicine and pathology, he also was active in politics.

& body), Join the Doctors Lounge online medical community. Whose faces are on Mt. 2009;15(6):434–436. Subacute viral thyroiditis. An eponymous disease is a disease, disorder, condition, or syndrome named after a person: usually the physician or other health care professional who first identified the disease; less commonly, a patient who suffered from the disease; rarely, a fictional character who exhibited signs of the disease; and, in some few instances, after such as an actor or the subject of a literary allusion, because characteristics associated with them were suggestive of symptoms observed in a particular disorder..mw-parser-output .tocright{float:right;clear:right;width:auto;background:none;padding:.5em 0 .8em 1.4em;margin-bottom:.5em}.mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-left{clear:left}.mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-both{clear:both}.mw-parser-output .tocright-clear-none{clear:none}, Eponyms are a longstanding tradition in Western science and medicine. Freiderich Wegener was a Lt. Bull Acad Natl Med. reversing of left to right shunt in patients with ASD, VSD, patent Varicella Zoster infection of the geniculate ganglion. The murmur is heard with aortic regurgitation, is mid-diastolic/pre-systolic, and is likely caused by the mixing of retrograde aortic flow and anterograde mitral flow on the anterior leaflet of the mitral valve. It is interesting that Down not Dominique was honored with the eponymn, since Down’s colorful description gave birth to the controversial language. disease, X-linked hereditary nephritis with nerve deafness, columnar metaplasia of the esophagus due to chronic reflux esophagitis Thus, an 'autoeponym' is a medical condition named in honor of an individual who was affected by or died as a result of the disease which he had described or identified or, in the case of a non-physician patient, from which the patient suffered. hypertrophy. This facilitates use of the list for a reader who knows a particular disease only by one of its eponyms, without the necessity of cross-linking entries. The corresponding review by David Kudlowitz provides a fascinating study of the stories and controversies behind some of the most recognizable medical eponyms. Electronic ISSN 1944-0030. 2 Hintergrund. In these instances, each is listed individually (except as described below), followed by an in-line parenthetical entry beginning 'aka' ('also known as') that lists all alternative eponyms. Resistance to PTH. (precancerous), more benign than Duchenne muscular dystrophy (pseudohypertrophy), After a prolonged attempt it eventually constricts but sluggishly. ipsilateral LMN lesion & loss of sensation at the level of the Clenched fist over the sternum is a telling feature of cardiac kidneys, etc.

Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis 2003;1:2463-2465. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1538-7836.2003.00501.x/abstract, xvii. The modern trend is to use the non-possessive form of eponyms as in Crohn …

One quarter of these entries are from the United States and there is a bias against women, non-North Americans, and Europeans leading others to question their use [iv]. An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. This results High grade non-Hodgkin's  lymphoma. Oxford University Press. Also, some descriptive terms have been deemed offensive or stigmatizing. xiii. painful ischemia progressing to gangrene. Syndrome. Hysteria: The Biography. the stomach) metastases to the ovaries, acute disseminated Langerhans' cell histiocytosis. Bilirubin It sometimes happens that an alternative eponym, if listed separately, would immediately alphabetically precede or succeed another entry for the same disease. In an unfortunate twist of fate, a year and a half after delivering his lecture, Trousseau himself noticed swelling and erythema in his left arm, saying: “I am lost: the phlebitis that has just appeared tonight leaves me no doubt about the nature of my illness.” [xvi], He died of gastric cancer shortly after diagnosing himself with “Trousseau Syndrome.”. Inflammatory bowel A medical eponym is thus any word related to medicine, whose name is derived from a person. Being awarded an eponym is regarded as an honor: "Eponymity, not anonymity, is the standard. epithelium causing dysphagia to solids & liquids every 3-4 months Pupil redilates slowly (tonic). Skip lesions hence cobble stone appearance, Most commonly found in the terminal ileum.

Rosen MJ. However, some physicians may regret the association of their name to a particular disease or finding, as was the case with John Homans and his linkage to the maneuver to diagnose a DVT.

(American Trypansomiasis) infection with protozoan parasite, prion disease (Mad Cow disease in cows) is a slow virus infection [9], In the words of Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of English Usage:[10]. hepatosplenomegaly, femoral head & long bone erosion, Eponyme sind in der medizinischen Fachsprache ebenso wie in der medizinischen Alltagssprache ubiquitär verbreitet.

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