how have recent technological changes had an impact on the production and distribution of newspapers

However, it remains to be seen how much can it impact the structure of the news industry, currently highly centralised. 0000005352 00000 n The overall argument presented here highlights the fact that while citizen journalism had not broken industry centralisation at first, we cannot predict the effects of its evolution toward professionalisation.

The web has also facilitated the popularisation of media tools such as YouTube. The following chapter will now focus on a case study, which I will use to try to imply that citizen journalism might, or might not, play a role in a decentralisation process. Media, F. L. (2013). Most of the newspapers, local and national, offer nowadays both a traditional printed and an online newspaper. In this sense it has been concluded that “the business side of journalism seems here to conflict with the supposed democratic role of journalism” (Jones & Salter, 2012, p. 21). For instance by a digital object identifier (DOI): “an initiative of the publishing community for protecting its assets in the digital environment” (Carreiro, 2010, p. 225).

In conclusion, technologies that have an effect on the publishing industry are e-books, online newspapers and print on demand. Media Convergence: Networked Digital Media in Everyday Life. 43*PL6vG5��U��9�v��@�LP�P�%��JN@�����H[ �5XD�A��2����'^3)EB� This results in lower costs, which in turn results in higher profits for publishers and authors, which can lead to lower prices for readers. As the number of ‘networked users’ ever increases, it influences “the rise of participatory culture which empowers users” (Jenkins, 2006, p. 55). Retrieved from,

Retrieved from First Look Media:

h�b```b``7c`c``y� Ā B@16��< �cU .o��9�~���x����0|g��_��y������s�F�ɮ��"I�m�,�m;��8��Yj�*�\%�'Nj|�b�O�c�O��Vo��!+�&25�Q-"F�[�hG���IY�m��Y��]"(00D�g�S����Yjm�AV�'N�I�]���~e l���O{��]�|��sb`�%�� 2 ��e��;��"��|X The substitution effect can be explained as “the change in the quantity demanded that results because buyers switch to substitutes when the price of the good changes” (McDowell, Thom, Frank & Bernanke, 2009, p.67). The introduction of online newspapers is another change in the publishing industry. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. 0000009170 00000 n This effect is called the cannibalization effect. The better developed these factors are, the higher the demand and, if supply remains the same, the higher the market equilibrium price. Then comes P.Kim Bui, deputy managing editor, university instructor in California and founder of super popular journalism Twitter chat #wjchat. The ever increasing ways of sourcing mean that the role of online journalists evolved toward curating and digest compilation. 0000010708 00000 n However, there is one aspect of news which resisted for many years. This research project has been articulated in three chapters. Finally, another aspect of the news industry, which ought to be mentioned, is the question of revenues. This is visible through the amount of follows, like and share on social networks. The economist, or capitalist, argument here points toward the level of dependency on internet developed over time, as well as the free labor character of citizen reporting. Meikle, G., & Young, S. (2012). h�.G��SBBO��/�x:k՛mo 0000004525 00000 n

Retrieved from Instagram:, Due to the fact that Big Media are also able to use social media to present themselves with the same openness than citizen journalists. New York: NY : CUNY Journalism Press. Competition in the publishing industry is affected by consumer spending which is strongly related to economic growth and employment levels (Datamonitor, 2010).

0000163288 00000 n Gentzkow (2007) also researched on the complementarity of online newspapers. E-books can be protected from piracy by both encryption and compression. While the industry has long been trying to enlarge the ways to monetise news, a recent “research shows that in fact advertising is the most significant element of funding newspaper and television news” (Jones & Salter, 2012, p. 19). However, I think, far to have reached maturity, citizen journalism is yet to shows us its greatest fight, a bigger impact than just its own birth. In fact, all the array of media used to report, be it video, images or audio recording, are all accessible and contribute massively to user-generated content (UGC). Each of them are amazingly personally involved in many communities, and in many ways, they are part of the stories they break.

E-books typically have in-use features such search and cross reference function, hypertext links, bookmarks, annotations, highlights, multimedia objects and interactive tools.” (Carreiro, 2010, p.221). In terms of number, has inherited the long social media experience of its journalists.

Indeed the constant search for increased productivity and profits, often changes competition into monopolies (Fuchs, 2014). I think this is where takes its strength from. The second chapter has been dedicated to dissect in order to expose its particularities, methods and results. The evolution of digital technologies covers a large span of time and aspects. From the time when news was the sole property of print newspapers, each steps and breakthrough has had major impacts on journalism. 0000014862 00000 n Scores of news outlets are still struggling to find a viable financial solution. Retrieved from Medium:, In order to conclude, I have to say that while it has been a really interesting research, I am only able to come to a rather nuanced or open conclusion.

For online newspapers researchers hold the same disagreement. Retrieved from Medium: reported-ly-3363a5fb7ea5#.wnrufumjy.

New York: PALGRAVE MACMILLAN. Distant witness : social media, the Arab Spring and a journalism revolution.

Decades have passed since the development of news broadcast to the advent of internet. (2015). As editor in chief, Andy Carvin explained in his initial welcome to article, this new form of social media journalism intends to be built on a vibrant community of people, where a news consumer is more than just “a view”. However, it has also been argued that this is as far as it could go and that instead of democratising, social medias are in fact a mean of control through dependency (Hinton & Hjorth, 2013). H�\��n�@D��sL3݉�,%v"��d��� c)4��}��(+-�= 5U ����m�M>���f'��6��pIM��x�z�(|�5����ߜ��e&�]�S. %PDF-1.4 %���� If you enjoyed this article, why not recommend it, so that others will be able to see it too. Also, more than just networking, the internet has also provided an array of journalistic tools, freely available to anyone and everyone. is somehow different to mainstream news websites, and makes extensive use of a large array of digital resources and platforms. Convergence Culture: Where Old and New Media Intersect. Despite of the question whether online newspapers are substitutes of print papers or not, which will be addressed in the next section, an on-going discussion is online pricing: should newspaper publishers set a price for online newspapers? Gentzkow (2007) suggests not setting an online price when the advertising market is favorable.

If proved possible, I believe it could represent the biggest ever known impact on gathering, producing and disseminating news, from the people, by the people and to the people. In many ways one could argued that here is the major impact of digital technology and not much more can be expected. MORE ADVICE Senior-Friendly Tech Options: Learn the Secrets of Aging Gracefully at Home - If you or a loved one are planning to age in place, read our tips for preparing your home and discover the senior-friendly technology that is available to you. 0000056616 00000 n Study for free with our range of university lectures! Thus, paper based books will not become extinct because e-books nowadays only substitute scientific books and sources. It is also difficult to base our judgment on history, since “unlike the mass media before it, social media is fundamentally a participative medium” (Hinton & Hjorth, 2013). In terms of publishing content, “blogs are tremendously flexible, ideal for quick updates, while also well suited to in-depth analysis; used for personal reflection, but also for impersonal use of useful links; and able to be based on images, audio, video or text” (Bradshaw & Rohumaa, 2011, p. 74). emphasises social networks as primary, not secondary platforms. However, an actual data survey has shown that among all the means of communication, social media had the smallest share in terms of usage by the revolutionaries (Fuchs, 2014, p. 85). From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on

The outlet represents a new model of how citizen journalism can be embedded in professional practices and structures. It starts with Malachy Browne, ex-Storyful news editor, he is now managing editor and Europe anchor. 416 0 obj <> endobj xref 416 60 0000000016 00000 n Third, distribution of electronic copies of books is free and therefore marginal costs of producing an additional book or journal are zero. The invention of e-books is an opportunity for the publishing industry to revitalize. Biagi, S. (2010). 0000008476 00000 n

Technologies currently shaping the publishing industry include: online newspapers, printing on demand and e-books. It could possibly take more than being at the right place at the right time with a smartphone, to be a journalist. Transformation of Newspapers in Technology Era by C. Elizabeth Everett 103 which many people may not realize. (2015). Online networking, in many ways, knows no borders. gives us an example on point in terms of this partnership. H�\��j�0��~ However, it has also been advanced that internet users suffered a great loss in terms of privacy and “seen from this light, the internet seems to be as much an advance in control as an empowerment of the user” (Hinton & Hjorth, 2013, p. 25).

It is important to decide whether it is useful to publish a book in e-book format. In order to understand what actually is, I find their moto self explicating: “Global news, our way. 0000010681 00000 n 0000011497 00000 n By browsing each members of the team’s Twitter accounts, it doesn’t take long to realize that what makes, is not the name but its people.

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