copd essay conclusion

Once this damage and loss of elasticity in the air sacs becomes severe enough, each breath that the affected person, Social and Legal Obstacles of Gay and Lesbian Parenting Essay, The Sound and the Fury by William Faulkner Essay, William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet Essay. Question: What are the treatment options available to patients with COPD, and how are individualized assessments used to determine the most effective therapy?

Food allergies are more common in people who come from families with a history of allergies, such as asthma, hayfever, or eczema. The effects of COPD on Mr. L.’s social experience are many and varied. How long a person has been smoking and the amount of individual smoke, increase the likelihood of developing the disease and strengthening its severity.

Current oxygen saturation was 92% on room air at rest. In a healthy person, there are little tiny air sacs in the lungs that have elasticity that bounces right back with each breath that you take. When this happens, the mucus then becomes so thick it starts to block the airways. Cigarette smoking is the main cause of COPD. This paper discusses the symptoms, causes and prognosis of COPD, the resultant needs of Mr. L. and the different ways in which the condition will affect his social experience. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects an estimated 24 million individuals in the United States, where half of these people do not even know they have it (COPD Foundation 2014). Secondhand smoking is a leading risk factor in the development of COPD. COPD … Symptoms include; chronic productive cough for three consecutive months each year for 2 sequential, Essay about Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the result of the obstruction of the airways and of the air out of the lungs as you exhale. Generate:

These individuals also use most of their energies in breathing since it is harder for, According to Gold Expert Panel (2003) Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a slowly progressive disorder characterized by airflow obstruction that is not fully reversible. The risk factors of COPD include genetic factors as, COPD is an abbreviated term for the lung disease Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and it is seen in people everyday. A patient with COPD has less air flowing in and out of the airways. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. In chronic bronchitis, the airways carrying air to the lungs get inflamed resulting in abundant mucus production which can either block or narrow the airway, making it difficult to breath. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is defined as chronic airflow obstruction and is characterized by an accelerated decline in lung function. It is noted that she has dark circles under both eyes. The dark circles under her eyes are often evidence of increased allergic reaction known as allergic shiners. It is defined as a chronic inflammatory disorder of the lungs that is mainly caused by smoking. All rights reserved. COPD

It is perfect! Chest tightness is the pressure in the walls of the chest that makes it hard for automated breathing to occur (Gysels, Bausewein, & Higginson, 2007). In worst cases, Mr. L. may even be isolated as people may not want to associate with him. In addition, it is often a combination of Chronic Bronchitis and Emphysema which can mainly result altogether in coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and other symptoms. COPD has two forms; chronic bronchitis and Emphysema. It is highly likely that there will be a reduction in the number of customers going to the bar for fear of being infected with Mr. L.’s disease. The term COPD includes two basic respiratory pathologies: chronic bronchitis and emphysema (GOLD, 2006) that are described below. Children are the major victims of second-hand smoking. In addition, his manager is concerned about the effect his continuous coughing will have on customers.

4.8 This note concerns writer 9901 Writer 9901 just produced one of the best term papers I have ever turned in. She has admitted to using her inhaler more often than prescribed in an attempt to deal with the worsening symptoms. It is a very unpredictable disease and can differ greatly... Food allergies happen when our immune systems produce antibodies in reaction to a protein in food that is normally considered harmless. Throughout this paper, all will be addressed with the goal to better the understanding of COPD. Don’t waste Your Time Searching For a Sample, Get Your Job Done By a Professional Skilled Writer. The effects of the disease are numerous from physical incapacitation that leads to dependency, family strife, to financial strain on family members and friends. Heart is regular and without murmurs. Mrs. Jones presents with recent fatigue, worsening runny nose and productive cough in the morning, sneezing, itchy throat, shortness of breath with minimal exertion, audible wheezing, and inability to sleep through the night. However, the decreased oxygen saturation and spirometry values are more indicative of severe (stage III) COPD, defined by the GOLD standard as FEV1/FVC, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This mucus that is produced then starts to thicken and become plentiful in the airways. It is estimated that this disease affects roughly 24 million individuals in the U.S.. 25 November 2014 Type: COPD governs a deluge of ailments including: emphysema, refractory asthma, some forms of bronchiectasis, and the very prevalent chronic bronchitis. The disease affects more than 11 million individuals, and there is currently no cure for COPD.

Type: People should fight to save the environment from air pollution and other forms of destruction in order to ensure a better world for the future generation. In addition, his breathing problem is likely to impact on his eating, which can result in malnutrition. Not only is this condition usually permanent with attacks (called … Copying content is not allowed on this website, Ask a professional writer to help you with your text, Give us your email and we'll send you the essay you need, Please indicate where to send you the sample. Vital signs are blood pressure: 128/72, pulse: 88 and regular, and respirations: 20. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States. COPD is becoming prevalent disease within today’s society, ranking as the fourth leading cause of death, topic will be based on the topic of COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease). Spirometry results were FEV1=45% and FEV1/FVC=65%. Abdomen is soft and non-tender with bowel sounds present. However, the good news is that the disease can subside when one stops smoking. Not only is this condition usually permanent with attacks (called exacerbations when the attacks become worse, even life-threatening) occurring over long periods of time (hence the word “chronic” in the name of the condition), it can also become more serious with each attack. Symptoms of COPD often begin in middle age and is commonly caused by years of smoking. COPD is usually caused by three conditions that over time that wreak havoc on the respiratory system.

COPD is the third leading cause of death and major cause of disability in the United States (National Institutes of Health, 2013). "Progressive" means the disease gets worse over time. COPD is used to describe a group of progressive lung diseases including emphysema, chronic bronchitis and refractory asthma (1). It is a chronic inflammatory disease of the respiratory system that results in relapsing symptoms. A majority of people with COPD experience more than one of the following symptoms: Dyspnea is also called shortness of breath. Some people with COPD experience chest tightness which is associated with pain during deep breathing. Lungs have bilateral basilar wheezing. These conditions are: chronic bronchitis, chronic, When a person is affected by chronic bronchitis, their airways (which are the bronchial tubes) that have the specific job of carrying air to their lungs become very inflamed and then make an overabundance of mucus. Essay, 9 pages. It is increasing rapidly and therapies currently do not alter the disease (Gross “Abstract”). However, Mr. L. has found it very hard to walk continuously without making frequent stops to rest. Thanks for a great job. Essay, 3 pages. According to data from the American Lung Association, approximately 80%-90% of people diagnosed with COPD are chronic smokers (Mannino & Buist, 2007). Dr. Wilson Students looking for free, top-notch essay and term paper samples on various topics. (2016, May 07).

Generally, COPD symptoms do not appear until considerable damage has occurred to the lungs, which usually takes time.

Due to the factor of COPD being an underdiagnosed and undertreated disease, the epidemiology (Pauwels, Rabe, 2004) is about 60 to 85 % with mild or moderate COPD remaining undiagnosed (Miravitlles et al., 2009; Hvidsten et al., 2010). By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. Every little bit of damage or every symptom that accompanies this condition are usually irreversible. It is important for all smokers to know that smoking kills and it is never too late to quit the habit. Emphysema is probably the worst of the conditions that cause COPD. also offered here. The main difference between emphysema and chronic bronchitis is that in emphysema damage is to the walls of the air sacs in the lungs and in chronic bronchitis the damage is to the lining in the airways. This article will describe the pathophysiology and risk factors of asthma, how one with asthma presents, its signs and symptoms, how to manage it, and its prognosis. The cough can either produce mucus or not.

This consequently reduces the amount of air that gets in and out of the lungs resulting in shortness of breath.

It is worth noting that caring for people with COPD  is not only involving but also isolates the caregiver from the rest of the world due to the constant attention required by the patient. She denies change in the color of her sputum, discolored nasal drainage, headache, facial pain, loss of appetite, and chest pain.

In Emphysema, the air sacs in the lungs are damaged, making them unable to expand or contract (Gysels, Bausewein, & Higginson, 2007). The case study presents the case of Mr. L. who is a 55-year old bartender living within a large city. © 2020 As a result, the disease may not only result in family conflict but also frustration especially from the younger members of the family who expect their needs to be provided for, yet their father (Mr. L.) is unable because of his illness (Rocker, Sinuff, Horton, & Hernandez, 2007). (Laverty et al., 2015). (309). This essay describes the nursing assessment and care planning provided to a patient with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), as experienced during a clinical placement.

Type: Signs and symptoms of COPD vary from mild to severe depending on the severity of the disease. Substantial production of sputum/ mucus is associated with respiratory tract infection or inflammation and may be a sign of COPD (Gysels, Bausewein, & Higginson, 2007).

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